If you’re interested in cybersecurity or IT technology, hacking is an authoritative professional career path in the real world. In the cybersecurity industry, hacking is a valuable skill because it makes you an attractive candidate for IT professions. As a result, you may be hired as an expert hacker by a renowned firm. Ethical hackers are hired by tech corporations like Google and Amazon to test their systems.

There are various ethical hacking careers available in the current sector. Ethical hacking assures that all networks are safe and protected from black-hat hackers. As a result, ethical hackers are in high demand. If you would like to understand more about ethical hacking, the Ethical Hacking Online Training will teach you about hacking tools and applications.

Ethical hacking helps to protect sensitive information from malicious hackers. It helps protect your computer from extortion from those who are looking to take advantage of a weakness. A firm or organization can use ethical hacking to identify security vulnerabilities and risks.

Large corporations, such as Amazon, Google, Twitter, Facebook, and Apple, employ hackers to protect their data from the black hat hackers. Ethical hackers check the vulnerabilities in the system and protect them from malicious hackers. So, if you want to start your career in cybersecurity, the Ethical Hacking Course in Chennai can help you learn more about the illegal and legal concepts of ethical hacking.

Now, we shall discuss the five phases of ethical hacking

Hacking Process

There are five stages to the hacking process. The following are some of them

  1. Reconnaissance
  2. Scanning
  3. Access
  4. Maintaining access
  5. Clearing tracks

Reconnaissance

The first phase of hacking is the reconnaissance phase. This stage is also known as data collection or strategies employed. This stage takes a long time to deploy. This stage helps to monitor and collect all organization’s networks and servers and further, we can discover everything about the company through online searches, social control,  network monitoring, among other things. Depending on the goal, the Reconnaissance phase can span days, weeks, or months. This process is to learn as much as possible about the system. 

Now, we shall see the steps of hacking in Reconnaissance:

  • Gather preliminary data
  • Establish the network’s coverage.
  • Determine which devices are in use.
  • Locate networks and channels that are open.
  • The OS is patted down.
  • Learn about services that are available at ports.
  • Create a network map.

Scanning

The hacker in the network scans for exploitable vulnerabilities after acquiring all of the target organization’s information. During this scan, the hacker will seek for flaws such as outdated programs, open services, open ports, and network equipment kinds.

Scanning can be classified into three types such as:

  • Port scanning
  • Vulnerability scanning
  • Network Mapping

Port Scanning – On the targeted server,  TCP or UDP port and operating services are identified.

Network Scanning – Identifying Port numbers, OS systems, and line topology, among other aspects.

Vulnerability Scanning – Scanning to gather data about a target’s security vulnerabilities.

Gaining access

In this process, using the insights obtained in the previous step, the hacker acquires sensitive information. This information and the system are used by hackers to attack other targets. At this phase, the hackers have some control over other devices. To acquire access to the system, an attacker can utilize several tactics such as password cracking.

Maintaining access

It is the process of gaining access to a system after a hacker has already got access. After getting access, the hacker sets certain backdoors to gain access to the system in the future if he needs it. In this approach, Metasploit is the ideal tool. 

Clearing Tracks

An ethical hacker will never want to leave a trail of their hacking activities. As a result, he must delete all files relating to the attack. The major goal of the clearing tracks phase is to eliminate all traces that could lead to his identification.

By this, you would have understood the five phases of hacking and how hackers are highly authorized in many industries including IT sectors. To get access to wider opportunities, You can take an Ethical Hacking Course to have a better understanding of Ethical Hacking and empower yourself with Cybersecurity expertise.

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